Vol. 22 No. 3 (2022)
Published: 2022-08-24

The Social Influence on Language Development: The Case of the Pahari Language

Wajid Riaz, Tallat Jabeen, Sadaf Afreen, Abdul Shakoor Abbasi

This research papers attempts to highlight the issue of language change. It tells us about Pahari language spoken in Manshara region of KPK. As those people who are uneducated and living in mountaineers and hilly areas, have a different perception about English language and their use is also different. This research is done to bring those elements which bring changes in a language. The words which have different pronunciation in English, have also different pronunciation in Pahari language. It brings out the factors like, culture, vernacular and society which are the sources of language change. Further, this paper discusses partial changes in phonology, observed in the language of uneducated people. The researchers selected William Labov’s model who gave the idea of variationist sociolinguistics. The data were collected from 9 persons who were drivers, Pedlars and confectioners. All the changes which were found, are due to the diversity in culture and the differences in organs of speech. It tells us about different organs of speech which are the source of phonological change. The influence of mother tongue brings sound, change. It also tells that uneducated people bring more changes in languages as compared to educated people. Those people hear and produce the words in keeping their mother tongue and society in mind. The findings of the research as show that vocal cords are the most important organ of speech Social and psychological problems bring change in language. Illiterate people use code switching or mixing most of the time and their pronunciation depends on physical or psychological factors.

Pages: 816-822

Keywords: Language Change, Vernacular, Culture, Pahari Language, Mansahra, Kpk

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